QLoggingCategory 类

QLoggingCategory class represents a category, or 'area' in the logging infrastructure. 更多...

Header: #include <QLoggingCategory>
qmake: QT += core
Since: Qt 5.2

注意: 此类的所有函数 thread-safe .

公共类型

公共函数

QLoggingCategory (const char * category )
QLoggingCategory (const char * category , QtMsgType enableForLevel )
~QLoggingCategory ()
const char * categoryName () const
bool isCriticalEnabled () const
bool isDebugEnabled () const
bool isEnabled (QtMsgType msgtype ) const
bool isInfoEnabled () const
bool isWarningEnabled () const
void setEnabled (QtMsgType type , bool enable )
QLoggingCategory & operator() ()
const QLoggingCategory & operator() () const

静态公共成员

QLoggingCategory * defaultCategory ()
QLoggingCategory::CategoryFilter installFilter (QLoggingCategory::CategoryFilter filter )
void setFilterRules (const QString & rules )

Q_DECLARE_LOGGING_CATEGORY ( name )
Q_LOGGING_CATEGORY ( name , string )
Q_LOGGING_CATEGORY ( name , string , msgType )
qCCritical ( category )
qCCritical ( category , const char * message , ... )
qCDebug ( category )
qCDebug ( category , const char * message , ... )
qCInfo ( category )
qCInfo ( category , const char * message , ... )
qCWarning ( category )
qCWarning ( category , const char * message , ... )

详细描述

QLoggingCategory class represents a category, or 'area' in the logging infrastructure.

QLoggingCategory represents a certain logging category - identified by a string - at runtime. A category can be configured to enable or disable logging of messages per message type. Whether a message type is enabled or not can be checked with the isDebugEnabled (), isInfoEnabled (), isWarningEnabled (),和 isCriticalEnabled () methods.

All objects are meant to be configured by a common registry (see also 配置类别 ). Different objects can also represent the same category. It is therefore not recommended to export objects across module boundaries, nor to manipulate the objects directly, nor to inherit from QLoggingCategory .

创建类别对象

Q_DECLARE_LOGGING_CATEGORY () 和 Q_LOGGING_CATEGORY () macros conveniently declare and create QLoggingCategory 对象:

// in a header
Q_DECLARE_LOGGING_CATEGORY(driverUsb)
// in one source file
Q_LOGGING_CATEGORY(driverUsb, "driver.usb")
							

注意: Category names are free text. However, to allow easy configuration of the categories using 日志规则 the names should follow some rules:

  • Use letters and numbers only.
  • Further structure categories into common areas by using dots.
  • Avoid the category names debug , info , warning ,和 critical .
  • Category names starting with qt are reserved for Qt modules.

QLoggingCategory objects implicitly defined by Q_LOGGING_CATEGORY () are created on first use in a thread-safe manner.

校验类别配置

QLoggingCategory 提供 isDebugEnabled (), isInfoEnabled (), isWarningEnabled (), isCriticalEnabled (), as well as isEnabled () to check whether messages for the given message type should be logged.

注意: qCDebug (), qCWarning (), qCCritical () macros prevent arguments from being evaluated if the respective message types are not enabled for the category, so explicit checking is not needed:

    // usbEntries() will only be called if driverUsb category is enabled
    qCDebug(driverUsb) << "devices: " << usbEntries();
							

默认类别配置

Both the QLoggingCategory constructor and the Q_LOGGING_CATEGORY () macro accept an optional QtMsgType argument, which disables all message types with a lower severity. That is, a category declared with

Q_LOGGING_CATEGORY(driverUsbEvents, "driver.usb.events", QtWarningMsg)
							

will log messages of type QtWarningMsg , QtCriticalMsg , QtFatalMsg , but will ignore messages of type QtDebugMsg and QtInfoMsg .

If no argument is passed, all messages will be logged.

配置类别

The default configuration of categories can be overridden either by setting logging rules, or by installing a custom filter.

日志规则

Logging rules allow logging for categories to be enabled or disabled in a flexible way. Rules are specified in text, where every line must have the format

    <category>[.<type>] = true|false
							

<category> is the name of the category, potentially with * as a wildcard symbol as the first or last character (or at both positions). The optional <type> must be either debug , info , warning ,或 critical . Lines that do not fit this scheme are ignored.

Rules are evaluated in text order, from first to last. That is, if two rules apply to a category/type, the rule that comes later is applied.

Rules can be set via setFilterRules ():

    QLoggingCategory::setFilterRules("*.debug=false\n"
                                     "driver.usb.debug=true");
							

Since Qt 5.3, logging rules are also automatically loaded from the [Rules] section of a logging configuration file. Such configuration files are looked up in the QtProject configuration directory, or explicitly set in a QT_LOGGING_CONF environment variable:

    [Rules]
    *.debug=false
    driver.usb.debug=true
							

Since Qt 5.3, logging rules can also be specified in a QT_LOGGING_RULES environment variable. And since Qt 5.6, multiple rules can also be separated by semicolons:

    QT_LOGGING_RULES="*.debug=false;driver.usb.debug=true"
							

Rules set by setFilterRules () take precedence over rules specified in the QtProject configuration directory, and can, in turn, be overwritten by rules from the configuration file specified by QT_LOGGING_CONF , and rules set by QT_LOGGING_RULES .

Order of evaluation:

QtProject/qtlogging.ini file is looked up in all directories returned by QStandardPaths::GenericConfigLocation , e.g.

设置 QT_LOGGING_DEBUG environment variable to see from where logging rules are loaded.

Installing a Custom Filter

As a lower-level alternative to the text rules, you can also implement a custom filter via installFilter (). All filter rules are ignored in this case.

打印类别

使用 %{category} placeholder to print the category in the default message handler:

    qSetMessagePattern("%{category} %{message}");
							

成员类型文档编制

typedef QLoggingCategory:: CategoryFilter

This is a typedef for a pointer to a function with the following signature:

void myCategoryFilter(QLoggingCategory *);
							

A function with this signature can be installed with installFilter ().

成员函数文档编制

QLoggingCategory:: QLoggingCategory (const char * category )

构造 QLoggingCategory object with the provided category name. All message types for this category are enabled by default.

category is 0 , the category name is changed to "default" .

注意: category must be kept valid during the lifetime of this object.

QLoggingCategory:: QLoggingCategory (const char * category , QtMsgType enableForLevel )

构造 QLoggingCategory object with the provided category name, and enables all messages with types more severe or equal than enableForLevel .

category is 0 , the category name is changed to "default" .

注意: category must be kept valid during the lifetime of this object.

This function was introduced in Qt 5.4.

QLoggingCategory:: ~QLoggingCategory ()

Destructs a QLoggingCategory 对象。

const char *QLoggingCategory:: categoryName () const

Returns the name of the category.

[static] QLoggingCategory *QLoggingCategory:: defaultCategory ()

Returns a pointer to the global category "default" that is used e.g. by qDebug (), qInfo (), qWarning (), qCritical (), qFatal ().

注意: The returned pointer may be null during destruction of static objects.

注意: Ownership of the category is not transferred, do not delete the returned pointer.

[static] QLoggingCategory::CategoryFilter QLoggingCategory:: installFilter ( QLoggingCategory::CategoryFilter filter )

Installs a function filter that is used to determine which categories and message types should be enabled. Returns a pointer to the previous installed filter.

Every QLoggingCategory object created is passed to the filter, and the filter is free to change the respective category configuration with setEnabled ().

The filter might be called from different threads, but never concurrently. The filter shall not call any static functions of QLoggingCategory .

范例:

QLoggingCategory::CategoryFilter oldCategoryFilter;
void myCategoryFilter(QLoggingCategory *category)
{
    // configure driver.usb category here, otherwise forward to to default filter.
    if (qstrcmp(category->categoryName(), "driver.usb") == 0)
        category->setEnabled(QtDebugMsg, true);
    else
        oldCategoryFilter(category);
}
							

An alternative way of configuring the default filter is via setFilterRules ().

bool QLoggingCategory:: isCriticalEnabled () const

返回 true if critical messages should be shown for this category. Returns false 否则。

注意: qCCritical () macro already does this check before executing any code. However, calling this method may be useful to avoid expensive generation of data that is only used for debug output.

bool QLoggingCategory:: isDebugEnabled () const

返回 true if debug messages should be shown for this category. Returns false 否则。

注意: qCDebug () macro already does this check before executing any code. However, calling this method may be useful to avoid expensive generation of data that is only used for debug output.

bool QLoggingCategory:: isEnabled ( QtMsgType msgtype ) const

返回 true if a message of type msgtype for the category should be shown. Returns false 否则。

bool QLoggingCategory:: isInfoEnabled () const

返回 true if informational messages should be shown for this category. Returns false 否则。

注意: qCInfo () macro already does this check before executing any code. However, calling this method may be useful to avoid expensive generation of data that is only used for debug output.

This function was introduced in Qt 5.5.

bool QLoggingCategory:: isWarningEnabled () const

返回 true if warning messages should be shown for this category. Returns false 否则。

注意: qCWarning () macro already does this check before executing any code. However, calling this method may be useful to avoid expensive generation of data that is only used for debug output.

void QLoggingCategory:: setEnabled ( QtMsgType type , bool enable )

Changes the message type type for the category to enable .

This method is meant to be used only from inside a filter installed by installFilter ()。见 配置类别 for an overview on how to configure categories globally.

注意: QtFatalMsg cannot be changed. It will always remain true .

另请参阅 isEnabled ().

[static] void QLoggingCategory:: setFilterRules (const QString & rules )

Configures which categories and message types should be enabled through a a set of rules .

范例:

    QLoggingCategory::setFilterRules(QStringLiteral("driver.usb.debug=true"));
							

注意: The rules might be ignored if a custom category filter is installed with installFilter (), or if the user defined QT_LOGGING_CONF or QT_LOGGING_RULES 环境变量。

QLoggingCategory &QLoggingCategory:: operator() ()

Returns the object itself. This allows both a QLoggingCategory variable, and a factory method returning a QLoggingCategory , to be used in qCDebug (), qCWarning (), qCCritical () macros.

const QLoggingCategory &QLoggingCategory:: operator() () const

Returns the object itself. This allows both a QLoggingCategory variable, and a factory method returning a QLoggingCategory , to be used in qCDebug (), qCWarning (), qCCritical () macros.

宏文档编制

Q_DECLARE_LOGGING_CATEGORY ( name )

Declares a logging category name . The macro can be used to declare a common logging category shared in different parts of the program.

This macro must be used outside of a class or method.

This function was introduced in Qt 5.2.

另请参阅 Q_LOGGING_CATEGORY ().

Q_LOGGING_CATEGORY ( name , string )

Defines a logging category name , and makes it configurable under the string identifier. By default, all message types are enabled.

Only one translation unit in a library or executable can define a category with a specific name. The implicitly defined QLoggingCategory object is created on first use, in a thread-safe manner.

This macro must be used outside of a class or method.

This function was introduced in Qt 5.2.

另请参阅 Q_DECLARE_LOGGING_CATEGORY ().

Q_LOGGING_CATEGORY ( name , string , msgType )

Defines a logging category name , and makes it configurable under the string identifier. By default, messages of QtMsgType msgType and more severe are enabled, types with a lower severity are disabled.

Only one translation unit in a library or executable can define a category with a specific name. The implicitly defined QLoggingCategory object is created on first use, in a thread-safe manner.

This macro must be used outside of a class or method. It is only defined if variadic macros are supported.

This function was introduced in Qt 5.4.

另请参阅 Q_DECLARE_LOGGING_CATEGORY ().

qCCritical ( category )

Returns an output stream for critical messages in the logging category category .

The macro expands to code that checks whether QLoggingCategory::isCriticalEnabled () evaluates to true . If so, the stream arguments are processed and sent to the message handler.

范例:

    QLoggingCategory category("driver.usb");
    qCCritical(category) << "a critical message";
							

注意: Arguments are not processed if critical output for the category is not enabled, so do not rely on any side effects.

注意: 此函数是 thread-safe .

This function was introduced in Qt 5.2.

另请参阅 qCritical ().

qCCritical ( category , const char * message , ... )

Logs a critical message message in the logging category category . message might contain place holders that are replaced by additional arguments, similar to the C printf() function.

范例:

    QLoggingCategory category("driver.usb");
    qCCritical(category, "a critical message logged into category %s", category.categoryName());
							

注意: Arguments might not be processed if critical output for the category is not enabled, so do not rely on any side effects.

注意: 此函数是 thread-safe .

This function was introduced in Qt 5.3.

另请参阅 qCritical ().

qCDebug ( category )

Returns an output stream for debug messages in the logging category category .

The macro expands to code that checks whether QLoggingCategory::isDebugEnabled () evaluates to true . If so, the stream arguments are processed and sent to the message handler.

范例:

    QLoggingCategory category("driver.usb");
    qCDebug(category) << "a debug message";
							

注意: Arguments are not processed if debug output for the category is not enabled, so do not rely on any side effects.

注意: 此函数是 thread-safe .

This function was introduced in Qt 5.2.

另请参阅 qDebug ().

qCDebug ( category , const char * message , ... )

Logs a debug message message in the logging category category . message might contain place holders that are replaced by additional arguments, similar to the C printf() function.

范例:

    QLoggingCategory category("driver.usb");
    qCDebug(category, "a debug message logged into category %s", category.categoryName());
							

注意: Arguments might not be processed if debug output for the category is not enabled, so do not rely on any side effects.

注意: 此函数是 thread-safe .

This function was introduced in Qt 5.3.

另请参阅 qDebug ().

qCInfo ( category )

Returns an output stream for informational messages in the logging category category .

The macro expands to code that checks whether QLoggingCategory::isInfoEnabled () evaluates to true . If so, the stream arguments are processed and sent to the message handler.

范例:

    QLoggingCategory category("driver.usb");
    qCInfo(category) << "an informational message";
							

注意: Arguments are not processed if debug output for the category is not enabled, so do not rely on any side effects.

注意: 此函数是 thread-safe .

This function was introduced in Qt 5.5.

另请参阅 qInfo ().

qCInfo ( category , const char * message , ... )

Logs an informational message message in the logging category category . message might contain place holders that are replaced by additional arguments, similar to the C printf() function.

范例:

    QLoggingCategory category("driver.usb");
    qCInfo(category, "an informational message logged into category %s", category.categoryName());
							

注意: Arguments might not be processed if debug output for the category is not enabled, so do not rely on any side effects.

注意: 此函数是 thread-safe .

This function was introduced in Qt 5.5.

另请参阅 qInfo ().

qCWarning ( category )

Returns an output stream for warning messages in the logging category category .

The macro expands to code that checks whether QLoggingCategory::isWarningEnabled () evaluates to true . If so, the stream arguments are processed and sent to the message handler.

范例:

    QLoggingCategory category("driver.usb");
    qCWarning(category) << "a warning message";
							

注意: Arguments are not processed if warning output for the category is not enabled, so do not rely on any side effects.

注意: 此函数是 thread-safe .

This function was introduced in Qt 5.2.

另请参阅 qWarning ().

qCWarning ( category , const char * message , ... )

Logs a warning message message in the logging category category . message might contain place holders that are replaced by additional arguments, similar to the C printf() function.

范例:

    QLoggingCategory category("driver.usb");
    qCWarning(category, "a warning message logged into category %s", category.categoryName());
							

注意: Arguments might not be processed if warning output for the category is not enabled, so do not rely on any side effects.

注意: 此函数是 thread-safe .

This function was introduced in Qt 5.3.

另请参阅 qWarning ().